FLORA: The territory of Altavilla Silentina has a remarkable wealth of natural resources. There are many plots boschiferi: Chianca forest, consisting of oaks, hornbeam and manna, wood stain, oak, and the Natural Park Foresta, ilex and oak, also equipped with walking paths and benches. The country is also watered by two rivers: the river Calore Salernitano (to distinguish other namesake Calore Irpino) that defines most of the border from Northern to Western and its tributary Cosa. Calore is considered one of the cleanest rivers in Europe and it is part of the list of sites of Community importance for the Mediterranean biogeographical region.
FAUNA: The fauna is very restricted but now can still see the woods unexpected guests: foxes, martens and weasels that from time to time, these places alive. Heat on the banks of the river is not difficult to meet the European otter, an endangered species.